Now here’s something I didn’t know. China has a State-Controlled Catholic Church called the Patriotic Church. The issue is, of course, how much say-so the Vatican has in selection of Bishops. Diplomatic relations between China and the Vatican have been cut off since 1951, and evidently both Beijing and the Pope have “tolerated” a government-controlled Catholic Church in the People’s Republic.
This has been going on for a little under 2000 years. How much say-so does a Pope in Rome have over the personnel and organization of its Church in a sovereign country? The answer is, as much say-so as that country’s government wants it to have. In most cases, it’s a lot, in some, it’s virtually none.